Model of the Mind
In order to understand hypnosis more easily, we need to first know how the mind work and what it is consists of. hence I’m using this Model of the Mind to work with.
This model provides us with an understanding of how different parts of the mind work and defines some terms for us. This is only a model and that all of its components are best understood as functions rather than specific parts.
- The Unconscious Mind
- The Subconscious Mind
- The Conscious Mind
- Critical Factor or Critical function of the mind
each part of the Mind serve specific purpose and perform its intended functions.
The Unconscious Mind
The unconscious mind was first proven to exist by Dr. Ivan Pavlov. It is our body’s consciousness. Even though it is called the “unconscious” it is a very active level of consciousness. It is called “unconscious” because we are not consciously aware of what it is doing. It seems to do all of its work automatically. It is associated with the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS).
Below are some of the bodily functions that it continually manages:
- Protective functions such as reflexes and the immune system
- Breathing, heart rate etc.
- Physical emotional responses
- Smooth muscle responses
The Subconscious Mind
In the field of psychology, it is well accepted that the existence of the subconscious mind was proven by Dr. Sigmund Freud. The subconscious mind is who you really are. It is the sum of all of your experiences. It makes up what we call personality. It is where permanent memory is kept. It is amazing in its organization, shown by your ability to access certain bits of information or behaviour almost instantly. It works by association.
All of your experiences are held within the subconscious and can be uncovered by using hypnosis. The more important or more emotionally packed a particular incident in your past is, the more easily it can be found, and relived(revivified), unless a blocked by a protective function which can make the retrieval more difficult.
Below are the functions of the subconscious mind which make up who you are:
- Protective function (resists incoming information that is inconsistent with previously accepted information)
- Unlimited in capacity
- Highly organized
- Feeds imagination
The Conscious Mind
Your conscious mind is effectively your point of focus. It tends to focus on whats is happening now, but can easily be refocused on the past and our imagined future, or into a complete fantasy situation.
It is really the smallest part of your consciousness, while the subconscious mind appears to be limitless, the conscious mind can only hold a few things at a time.
Hypnosis does not cause someone to lose consciousness. Hypnosis is not a state of unconsciousness, but rather a state of focused consciousness.
Below are some functions of the conscious mind:
- Will power
Critical Factor or Critical function of the mind
Experts in hypnosis will differ in where exactly the critical factor resides. Some say that it is a function of the conscious mind while some believe it is a function that interacts between the conscious mind and subconscious mind. The important function of the critical factor is that it operates like a filtering mechanism which compares new information coming in through the conscious level of the mind with the old beliefs and perceptions held within the subconscious mind. The critical factor will either allow the information to be stored as data or allowed to either weaken or reinforce the beliefs and habits that already exist.
Through the process of hypnosis, we are able to bypass the critical factor. After we create this bypass, then the subconscious mind achieves a state of heightened suggestibility.hence hypnosis always acheve a better chance of success when dealing with individual’s issue.